After visiting an old pioneer village I was impressed with the vigor and determination of these people. The hardships and non-stop toil they went through seems incomprehensible to the modern mind. The expanses they farmed by hand, for the most part, seem more than daunting. I worked for a summer topping corn once and I understand the seemingly endless toil it takes to open a new field, so imagine opening a new field of wheat for harvest with nothing but a scythe and acres and acres to go while the sun beats you down and the wind blows hot upon your face. First Cut: 24×24″ encaustic on birch panel.